The Housing Choice Voucher program (formerly known as Section 8) is the federal government's major program for assisting very low-income families, the elderly, and the disabled to afford decent, safe, and sanitary housing in the private market.
Since housing assistance is provided on behalf of the family or individual, participants are free to choose any housing where the owner agrees to rent under the program and that meets the requirements of the program, including single-family homes, townhouses and apartments.
The choice of housing is not limited to units located in subsidized housing communities. A housing subsidy is paid to the landlord directly by the Public Housing Authority(PHA) on behalf of the participating family. The family then pays the difference between the actual rent charged by the landlord and the amount subsidized by the program.